Roy Lichtenstein in studio standing front 4 of his geometric pop-art figure artworks and a banana artwork hanging on a white wall for 1987 Luna Luna park.

Roy Lichtenstein

Roy Lichtenstein’s contribution to the 1987 Luna Luna park was the Pavilion Housing a Mirrored Glass Labyrinth

Roy Lichtenstein wrapped the exterior of a rectangular pavilion with his “Perfect/Imperfect Paintings,” creating a façade with intersecting triangles, black diagonal lines, signature dots, and flat planes of primary colors occasionally jutting out from the edge of the canvas.

Artist

Roy Lichtenstein

Attraction

Façade for pavilion housing a mirrored glass labyrinth

Born

1923, USA

A key figure in the Pop Art movement in New York in the 1960s

He used Ben-Day dots, a dot screen method used to increase the tonal range in commercial printing

He worked with primary colors to replicate the colors of newspapers and comic strips

Fairground view: Roy Lichtenstein, Façade for pavilion housing a mirrored glass labyrinth. Luna Luna, Hamburg, Germany, June-July, 1987.

View of artist Roy Lichtenstein working in his studio

Roy Lichtenstein.

One of the most celebrated artists of the twentieth century, Roy Lichtenstein (born 1923, New York, USA; died 1997, New York) made paintings and prints based on found imagery—such as the covers of generic romance books, war comics, and advertisements, as well as architecture, design, and art historical sources—treating all images, high or low, equally. Lichtenstein was a leading figure in establishing the Pop Art movement in 1960s New York, alongside artists such as Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol, and Jasper Johns.

Lichtenstein was a leading figure in establishing the Pop Art movement in 1960s New York, alongside artists such as Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol, and Jasper Johns.

Roy Lichtenstein, Façade for pavilion housing a mirrored glass labyrinth, exhibited 1987.

Roy Lichtenstein.

Mimicking the mechanical production of comic books, Lichtenstein transferred the source image to canvas with a projector and reproduced it with paint using Ben-Day dots—the method used by newspapers and comic strips to denote gradients and texture, reducing the color palette to highly saturated primary colors and heightening the contrast. His inaugural Pop work, Look Mickey (1961), borrows a scene from the Disney children’s book, Donald Duck: Lost and Found (1960), replicating its primary colors, heavy black outlines, and bubble text with what became an instantly recognizable visual language.

Roy Lichtenstein, André Heller.

Roy Lichtenstein.

While he retained a lifelong interest in mass media, Lichtenstein abandoned working with comics in the mid-1960s, choosing to reflect on art history. Lichtenstein’s “Perfect/Imperfect Paintings” are a radical series of abstract compositions that use a single black line to self-generate geometric planes. The resulting paintings use intersecting triangles, black diagonal lines, signature dots, and flat planes of primary colors to experiment with and parody the visual and spatial boundaries of the two-dimensional plane.

Fairground view: Roy Lichtenstein, Façade for pavilion housing a mirrored glass labyrinth. Luna Luna, Hamburg, Germany, June-July, 1987.

For Luna Luna, Lichtenstein wrapped a rectangular pavilion using this logic, forming a remarkable “Perfect/Imperfect Painting” on each side of the façade. The building’s interior featured a mirrored glass labyrinth designed by André Heller and music by Philip Glass, preceding Lichtenstein and the American composer’s collaboration for their 1991-92 music box, Modern Love Waltz.

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In the original Luna Luna book, translated and reissued for the first time since 1987.